The Americans and the Soviets came to realize that the Cuban crisis transcended their ideological differences and pointed to a common pursuit: the prevention of a global nuclear war.
East-West relationships took a turn for the better: détente was on the agenda for 17 years (1962-1989). The Soviets referred to it as "peaceful coexistence".
Fraught with contradictions, the period saw the signature of many Soviet-US
agreements such as the 1963 Treaty banning atmospheric nuclear tests,
the 1968 nuclear non-proliferation Treaty and the 1972 SALT
I treaty concerning ballistic missiles. The flip side of it was
a resumed conventional arms race. The Soviet Union, having realized that
its Navy was not up to the challenge, started building, on Marshal Andrei
Grechko's initiative, a Fleet that, twenty years later, ranked second
only to the US Navy. Within ten years, too, the Soviets were able to outnumber
the US in terms of launch vehicles.