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22 0ctober. The media were beginning to report troop movement
and there were rumours of a possible clash.
US forces moved to DEFCON 3 (Increase in Force Readiness).

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At 19:00 The President appeared on the TV screens all over the country. There was a solemn look on his set face. He told his fellow citizens that the Soviet Union must either withdraw its missiles from Cuba or face full nuclear retaliation.

He mentioned the "defensive quarantine", i.e. the blockade, imposed on Soviet ships en route to Cuba. Later in the evening, the US referred the matter to the UN Security Council, asking that foreign bases in Cuba be dismantled and that observers be despatched to the island.

John Kennedy on TV
October 22, 1962. JFK on television
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